As long ago as the year a plan was scheduled, in official form, to compile th e bibliographical d a ta of the H ungarian num ism atic literature in such a way th argus auto gratuit suisse anti aging t this m aterial should supplem ent the publication ,A Kzp-Dunam edence rgszeti bibliogrfija a legrgibb idktl a X I. For th a t very reason the work m entioned deliberately disregar ded the processing and publication of num ism atical data. This gave a s ta r t to the collection of num ism atical literature, w ith the instructions of the N ational Centre of Museums th a t was then still active, though extending it by th e compilation of th e entire literature of th e H ungarian subject.
The whole of the m aterial th a t had been accum ulated in the course of tim e was divided by a n atu ral line into two clearly delineated groups. One of them covers the d a ta of num ism atic literature connected with the history of ancient tim es and of th e m igration period across the territory of the C arpathian basin.
Accordingly it is parallel in content to the work by B anner and Jakabffy. The other p a rt contains literary d a ta about the H ungarian history of coinage, num ism atic a rts and collection of coins since th e 11th century up to the present. W ith a literature com pilation which was by no means complete so far as the first group was concerned, i. Furtherm ore, due to its extent th e whole m aterial would, in any case, have been published argus auto gratuit suisse anti aging two parts.
The absence of a notew orthy H ungarian num ism atic bibliography also m otivates the publication of the d a ta elaborated till now, w ithout waiting for th e com pletion of the search for m aterials for the first p a rt.
This com pilation covers the entire accessible H ungarian literature having a H ungarian reference. The collected m aterial has been classified according to certain periods.
In order th a t the relevant bibliographical m aterial could be found as easy as possible, it was decided th a t it should not be divided into too m any periods. The aim was to enum erate even the m ost m oderate publication attainable, dealing w ith the history of H ungarian coinage, num ism atic arts and collection of medals. W ithin the bounds of possibility all d a ta concerning H ungarian num ism atics were processed no m atter where published, i.
The d a ta of num ism atic writings issued in H u n garian publications but having no H ungarian reference were sim ilarly dis regarded. We set ourself the aim of representing the bibliographical d a ta of the specific literature explicitly H ungarian or having a H ungarian con cern with no intention of providing more.
W ith this object in m ind we checked all the num ism atic, archaeological, historical an d a rtistic periodi cals, journals and the bibliographies published till now. N aturally it would have been impossible to undertake to include every num ism atic insertion in every magazine and newspaper or to review every single one, neverthe less, when an itempublished anywhere came to our knowledge we did our best to include it. Those periodicals review ed regularly are enum erated in a separate list which contains, a t the same tim e, th e abbreviations of frequently quoted periodicals.
An effort was made to compare and, where possible, to recon cile these abbreviations in accordance w ith general practice, though certain am endm ents were made in the interests of providing greater clarity. As far as possible we used abbreviations from which it is easy to conclude the entire title of the given publication thereby obviating exhaustive argus auto gratuit suisse anti aging up in the list which would otherwise be unavoidable if using m erely letters or signs.
Argus auto gratuit suisse anti aging the ease of periodicals, as a rule solely argus auto gratuit suisse anti aging heading and place of publication are given though exceptions are the changes of addresses. In these cases th e commencing year of each change is indicated, too.
The bibliographical d a ta are classified according to the following 28 specialized groups. This group includes bibliographical selections publis hed till now.
General works. Contains publications dealing w ith the history of H ungarian coinage in general; the group also contains theoreti cal studies; and there are articles informing about num ism atic concepts too.
In brief, there are included m ainly publications which cannot be a t tached closely to any specific period as well as publications w ith contents covering more th an one period. Catalogues of coins. In this part are enum erated th e d a ta of sale or auction catalogues of different firms, etc.
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I t seem ed necessary to adopt here a kind of selection according to the scientific or collectors significance of the catalogues, as nearly all catalogues enum erate more or less H ungarian coins and medals, too. I t is, however, worthwhile considering only those catalogues informing about larger and more coherent collections.
Sum m arized lists of coin findings enum erate d a ta from lists of findings compiled according to different aspects, reviewing coin findings of a longer period or of certain area. Consequently these lists, because of th eir summ arizing character, could n ot be attached to any of the definite periods. M iddle Ages sum m ary. Bibliographical d a ta of com m unications, publications covering th e entire Middle Ages.
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Late Middle Ages 14ht 15th centuries. These p a rts comprise a synthesis of special literature on the history of coinage during th argus auto gratuit suisse anti aging periods indicated in th e headings. A sim ilar principle has been adopted in grouping th e m aterial relating to later ages, according to the following schedule: V I I I. Modern times sum m ary I X. Modern times X. M odern times X I. Modern times X I I. Modern times The above arrangem ent of periods takes into consideration exclusively the aspects of the history of coinage.
Accordingly, P a rt IX includes litera tu re on the essentially homogeneous coining in the period from th e middle of the 16th century to th e middle of the 18th century; P a r t X contains a com pilation of bibliographical d a ta relating to the m onetary system based on conventions; P a r t X I is broadly concerned w ith th e literature of the A ustro-H ungarian Monarchy, and finally, P a rt X I I details a com pilation of the history of coinage in independent Hungary.
Nevertheless, publication of the bibliographical m aterial of the modern tim es needed some selecting. Namely, in th e period from toi. As a result it is n o t always unam biguous w hether certain publications have a H ungarian bearing or not. A num ber of part-research papers have been published dealing explicitly w ith m intage of different A ustrian provinces, for this reason th ey are neither on H ungarian subject-m atter nor connected with H ungary. All the same, th eir registration probably could have been consid ered as m ainly since the 17th century the financial rules valid in th e given province were usually in force in H ungary, too.
The inclusion of these d ata, however, would have led to a too widespread search for m aterial. In the course of solving this ticklish problem we found ourselves in a favour able position as the publication Quellenkunde der Mnz- und Geldgeschichte der ehemaligen sterreichisch-Ungarischen M onarchie Source-book on the H istory of Coinage an d of Medals in the L ate A ustro-H ungarian M onarchy compiled by G n t e r P r o b sz t and issued incontaining ab u n d an t bibliographical d ata, released us from taking into our collection th e d a ta of publications of this kind, which have a foreign subject-m atter.
This publication was even complemented later on by two Supplements. Comprehensive corpora an d catalogues were naturally judged from another standpoint. This work is a t the disposal of everybody and is, in any case, indispensable to researchers of the recent history of H ungarian coinage.
To begin w ith though it elaborates the literature of the entire D ual M onarchy, and thus the literature on the history of H ungarian coinage, it is by far not so voluminous as the present compilation. Secondly, and particularly, because it quotes the titles published on the languages of the nationalities of the M onarchy though only translated into German. As a result, for H ungarian researchers the H ungarian titles of these d a ta have to be painstakingly checked a t the places referred to before they can be used for studies or quotations in the H ungarian language.
Tim es of the Kuruts. The abundant literature concerning the independent coinage o f th e fight for freedom headed by Ferenc Rkczi I I has been brought together separately.
As long ago as the year a plan was scheduled, in official form, to compile the bibliographical data of the Hungarian numismatic literature in such a way th at this m aterial should supplement the publication ,A Közép-Dunamedence régészeti bibliográfiája a legrégibb időktől a X I. For th at very reason the work mentioned deliberately disregarded the processing and publication of numismatical data. This gave a sta rt to the collection of numismatical literature, with the instructions of the National Centre of Museums th a t was then still active, though extending it by the compilation of the entire literature of the Hungarian subject. The whole of the m aterial th a t had been accumulated in the course of tim e was divided by a natural line into two clearly delineated groups. One of them covers the data of num ism atic literature connected with the history of ancient times and of the m igration period across the territory of the C arpathian basin.
Similarly, the bibliographical m aterial dealing w ith the history o f coinage of X I V. The Principality of Transylvania a n d X V. Slavonia and Croatia represent separate groups. Emergency currencies. Private coinage.
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Foreign relati ons. The group covers heterogeneous elements, as here are compiled d a ta of the literature dealing w ith coins of the H ungarian provinces, with private coinage, w ith emergency currencies of m etal, w ith foreign curren cies stam ped on models of H ungarian coins, w ith H ungarian types fur nished w ith a foreign counterm ark as well as w ith foreign coins sho wing any kind of H ungarian reference.
In short, the H ungarian aspect served here as the principle of selection.